Michelle freeman 05/24/2012 english 101 epistemic opacity computers, tablets, i-phones, i-pads, cellular phones, e-readers and more are now considered daily necessities as well as pleasure apparatus’ that society relies on exponentially to get through each day. Epistemic opacity, conﬁrmation holism and technical debt: computer simulation in the light of empirical software engineering julian newman( ) birkbeck college, university of london, london, uk. Views essential epistemic opacity as reflecting the limitations not of the simulation method itself but of the human agent, and thus as evidence for a “non-anthropocentric epistemology” recognising computational tools as a superior epistemic authority.
Epistemic opacity vis a vis human agents has been presented as an essential, ineliminable characteristic of computer simulation models resulting from the characteristics of the human cognitive agent this paper argues,. The term “epistemic opacity” was brought into the discussion by paul humphreys (2004,2009), along with other things to characterize the novelty of the problems that computer simulation poses for philosophy.
Epistemic has shifted from the arcane worlds of philosophy, linguistics, and rhetoric to the practical realms of business and marketing for example, a 2007 letter to shareholders from the asset management firm legg mason referred to investors who have a high epistemic threshold and do exhaustive analysis to create near certainty,.
Epistemic opacity is a fancy way of saying that the understanding of how something actually works does not mean that you don’t know how to use or work that same something take a lawnmower for example a person of general intelligence understands that gasoline needs to be put into the engine in order for it to run. Epistemic opacity, conﬁrmation holism and technical debt 257 judgements of the degree of trust to be placed in another scientist, and the areas in which that colleague can be regarded as reliable.
Returning to the “epistemic opacity” theme, the lessons of li’s and similar research on the aetiology and persistence of software defects are highly relevant to interpreting lenhard and winsberg’s account of the factors that make it impossible to trace the reasons why particular outputs from a complex systems model fail to match observed data. Epistemic opacity again david widerker - 1977 - philosophical studies 32 (4):355 - 358.
Epistemic injustice gives a name to experiences that we struggle to articulate due to the injuries of hegemonic speech. Hapoc 2015 [type here] [type here] epistemic opacity, confirmation holism and technical debt: computer simulation in the light of empirical software engineering. 169 5 epistemic transparency and epistemic opacity in the preceding chapters, i defended the central two-dimensionalist claim that every linguistic expression which is a candidate for having an.
Epistemic arrogance: measure the difference between what someone actu-ally knows and how much he thinks he knows an excess will imply arrogance, a deþcit humility an epistemocrat is someone of epistemic humility , who holds his own knowledge in greatest suspicion. Epistemic opacity, immersion, and modeling in hydraulic engineering matthijs kouw computational models are the predominant instruments for studying water-related phenomena in hydraulic engineering. Humphreys views essential epistemic opacity as reflecting the limitations not of the simulation method itself but of the human agent, and thus as evidence for a “non-anthropocentric epistemology” recognising computational tools as a superior epistemic authority.