Assess the view that religion is a force for social change (18 marks) sociologist take different views on the role of religion on society functionalist sociologist such as parsons argue that religion serves to help its members by providing answers and comforting them through challenging period in their life. Assess the arguments and evidence for the view that britain is becoming a secular society sociologists argue that in britain, there has been an overall steady decline in the importance of religion since the 19th century, which has led some sociologists to suggest there was a ‘golden age’ of religiosity.
Assess the functionalist view that religion benefits both society as a whole and its individuals (33 marks) for functionalists, society is a system of interrelated parts known as institutions, such as religion, the family and the economy each institution performs certain functions- each contributes to maintaining the social system by meeting a need. Believe that religion is used to ensure social stability this means that religion must be conservative and traditional to ensure that things do not change and to ensure the maintenance of social order durkheim (1912) said that religion teaches people the moral norms and values that they must stick to and the collective conscience which maintains social order. Evaluate the view that ‘religion is the opium of the people’ the famous assertion that religion is the ‘opium of the people’ was posited by karl marx, as a metaphor to describe the effect religion has on the proletariat.
Similarly, religion was the cause of the crusades, a war between christians and muslims that lasted nearly two centuries this could be one of the reasons why marx associated the word opium with religion the quote religion is the opium of the people can apply to the two major religions: christianity and islam.
Sociology beliefs scly3 study play cults abd secrs vs churches and using material from item a and elsewhere assess the view that whilst the church of england is declining other religious and spiritual movements are flourishing like weberian view- religion embraced by more marginalised. Item a assess the view of growth of religious fundamentalism is a reaction to globalisation (18) evaluate contribution of marxist theories to understanding of religion (33) january 2013.
Assess the view that religion is a major source of instability and conflict in society today religion has held an important role in society since the beginning of civilisation and it has such power over people’s minds and shape the way our world developed. Below is an essay on assess the view that religion is a force for social change (33 marks) from anti essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples many theories, such as the marxist theories, see religion as maintaining the status quo and preventing social change. Assess the view that religion is not in decline but simply changing as a result of changes in wider society (33 marks) secularisation theorists argue that religion is in decline. Religion is the opium of the people critically assess this marxian view of religion and say to what religions your conclusions apply religion is the opium of the people - karl marx, critique of hegel's philosophy of right, 1844.
Religion is part of the dominant ideology functions: acts as the opium of the people cushioning the pain of oppression & exploitation in unequal societies for example, many religions promise an escape from suffering and oppression through life after death.